production grade ruby interpreter deployment process

rvm, chruby, rbenv, etc. do not belong in a production environment. Even if you are deploying and co-hosting applications that require different versions of ruby those tools still do not belong in a production environment. All those tools are strictly for development environments.

Binary shims and other hacks have no place in a production environment. Ideally you have one user per application that has the proper profile for setting up PATH to point to the right version of ruby which has been compiled and deployed wholesale ahead of time. This is actually quite simple and is in fact a one time operation if you do it right and package the binary bits with an RPM or Debian package. Heck, even a tar file would work if you’re willing to have some extra deployment logic and these days you can use any number of devops tools like chef and ansible to codify the initial production environment setup as well. Continue reading

simple in-memory store with consistent reads

Problem Statement

Suppose you want to write a simple in-memory JSON store with an equally simple socket based protocol. You want this in-memory store to support parallel and consistent reads. By “parallel reads” what I mean is if 10 clients request to read data from the store then no client should be blocking any other client. By “consistent reads” what I mean is when a client requests some data from the store there is absolutely no way that client gets half of the data before a write and half of it after a write and there is also some kind of ordering for reads and writes. In other words, if we have an array “[1,2,3,4]” that corresponds to the key “ints” in our JSON store then the following sequence of events is impossible: Continue reading

enforcing invariants with singleton classes and method redefinitions

If you play around with Ruby long enough you start to notice that Ruby programmers overall tend to prefer small domain specific libraries, Ruby on Rails notwithstanding. There are many good reasons for this kind of approach from a software engineering perspective but the biggest reason is that Ruby makes it extremely easy by providing the right kind of metaprogramming facilities. Continue reading

ruby blocks and evaluation contexts

If you’ve ever played around with JavaScript and jQuery then chances are you’ve stumbled on call and apply. These are methods on function objects that allow you to change what this points to. If you haven’t stumbled on those methods yet then you have more than likely used them indirectly via bind. John Resig has an excellent set of interactive lessons that demonstrate everything you’d ever wish to know about JavaScript’s scoping rules and the cool tricks you can do by manipulating the scope with call and apply. The lessons can be found at

Ruby has similar context manipulation facilities and they are even more useful. In fact one Continue reading